A controversial topic such as birth control may seem like a modern issue, but it's not. Contraceptives have been used in one form or another for thousands of years throughout human history and even prehistory. In fact, family planning has always been widely practiced, even in societies dominated by social, political, or religious codes that require people to be fruitful and multiply.The history of "birth control" can be traced back many centuries. In fact, women all over the world have been using birth control method even before there were any modern medical contraceptive innovations or procedures. However, many of these pre-modern methods were not always as safe or effective as those available today. Centuries ago, Chinese women drank lead and mercury to control fertility, which often resulted in sterility or death. During the Middle Ages in Europe, magicians advised women to wear the testicles of a weasel on their thighs or hang its amputated foot from around their necks. Other amulets of the time were wreaths of herbs, desiccated cat livers or shards of bones from cats (but only the pure black ones), flax lint tied in a cloth and soaked in menstrual blood, or the anus of a hare. It was also believed that a woman could avoid pregnancy by walking three times around the spot where a pregnant wolf had urinated.In 1850 B.C., the earliest known contraceptive device for women was the pessary. Pessaries are objects or concoctions inserted into the vagina to block or kill sperm. By 1850 B.C., Egyptians used pessaries made of crocodile dung, honey, and sodium carbonate. Crocodile dung is alkaline. The condom was invented in Egypt around 3000 B.C. Ancient drawings clearly depict men wearing condoms, sometimes made of material that may have been animal hide. It's not clear what they were made of or whether they were used for sex or ceremonial dress. The oldest known condoms which dated to about 1640 were found in Dudley Castle near Birmingham, England. They were made of fish and animal intestines. Condoms in those days were used to prevent sexually transmitted diseases rather than for contraception. Charles Goodyear patents vulcanization of rubber in 1844. Soon, rubber condoms are mass produced. Unlike modern condoms that are made to be used once and thrown away, early condoms were washed, anointed with petroleum jelly, and put away in special wooden boxes for later reuse.On 1906, Cyrus McCormick, inventor of the mechanical harvester, is diagnosed with schizophrenia. His wife, Katherine, dreads passing on the mental illness to future children. Later, she forms a partnership with birth control pioneer Margaret Sanger. She funds contraception research with her sizeable fortune. And the result was the development of the birth control pill. The first birth control pills which were introduced more than 40 years ago, contained high levels of estrogen and progestin. A major achievement in the history of medical science was the introduction of birth control pills. It was an answer for women who faced problems during abortions. During the 1960s, the Searle drug company receives FDA approval for Enovid, the first birth control pill. The Pill revolutionizes contraception. It's 100% effective but has terrible side effects, including life-threatening blood clots. Today, it is well known that the condom is the only effective barrier to HIV and to many, but not all other sexually transmitted diseases or STDs. Despite this, neither condoms nor other forms of contraception are used consistently by those who most need them. Women today have many more choices to make with birth control than they did in the centuries ago, when abstinence, withdrawal, and condoms made of linen cloth or animal intestines were the only known options. With all of the reliable and more hygienic modern contraception methods out there today, finding the one thats right for her lifestyle and health history can be a bit confusing.
Did you know that you can receive a Hawaiian Lomi Lomi massage in Sacramento, California? Not only can you receive a Lomi Lomi massage you can also receive Shiatsu and other forms of massage in the State capital. So, if you haven't done it already you should put getting a massage in Sacramento on your list of things to do. So, whether you go to Sacramento for a business trip, an unforgettable vacation, or a family relocation you will want to receive massage therapy. Massage in Sacramento is widely available from independent Certified Massage Therapists, Massage Establishments, and a number of Day Spas. Massage in Sacramento is something that is something you'll want to repeat over and over. Whether your goal is to completely relax with a slow, soothing massage, relieve muscular pain and chronic tension, have a more comfortable pregnancy, or improve your sports performance Massage Therapists in Sacramento can help you achieve your goals. In fact there are several types of Massage in Sacramento. The most commonly offered massage techniques in Sacramento are: Lomi Lomi - a relaxing, flowing style of massage from Hawaii using long, broad caressing strokes. It's a stress busting massage thats part of an ancient healing system. Deep Tissue Massage - massage of the deeper musculature and connective tissue to release chronic tension and pain. It's often a firmer massage that is appreciated by experienced clients. Shiatsu - a Japanese technique of massage that targets specific pressure points to relieve pain and improve the flow of vital energy. Swedish Massage - relaxing massage using gliding strokes, kneading, friction, and striking strokes along with gentle stretching and rocking. Aromatherapy Massage - a very relaxing and therapeutic massage incorporating the benefits of both massage and essential oils for an incredible effect you're going to love. Pregnancy Massage - massage for the mother-to-be helping her to decrease pain and discomfort throughout the pregnancy. Lymphatic Drainage Massage - specifically used for decreasing swelling and edema as well as improving the circulation of the body's lymph. It's detoxifying and some think it improves the immune system too. However, in addition to the more commonly practiced massage techniques your Sacramento based Massage Therapist might also practice some other well known massage therapy techniques: Sports Massage Myofascial Release Medical Massage Acupressure Neuromuscular Therapy Hot Stone Massage You might even want to try a special treat when you get a massage in Sacramento like Couples Massage where a couple can receive their massage together in the same massage room with two massage therapists. During the couples massage each member of the couple can choose to receive a different massage from that of their partner. Or, for the true massage therapy enthusiast some Massage Establishments and Day Spas offer Four Hand Massage, or Tandem Massage, where you can be massaged by two massage therapists at the same time. Massage in Sacramento is also very convenient to receive. Massage in Sacramento is available on an incall basis at a Massage Therapist's office, salon, or clinic, in a Licensed Massage Establishment, or in one of many conveniently located Day Spas. Massage in Sacramento is also available on an outcall basis in your Sacramento area home, office, or hotel. No matter where you are in Sacramento a great massage is just minutes away. So what's stopping you from receiving the benefits of a great massage? Massage in Sacramento is relaxing, stress reducing, pain relieving, and performance improving so get one today.
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Online internet pharmacies are fast gaining popularity. It is just one among the millions of virtual shops that one can find over the Internet. A CNN news article says that there are now about 100 million websites in the internet with around 48 million of those sites considered as active or updated on a regular basis. These websites contain a wide range of topics and practically covers the entire spectrum of human knowledge and experience. In the United States alone, there are at least 54 million different websites that would be impossible for an average person to visit during one's lifetime. Some of the most frequently visited sites include Google, Yahoo, Youtube, Facebook, and Wikipedia --- which are categorized as search engines, social networking sites, or knowledge databases. What is now a topic of hot debate about internet pharmacies is: Is it safe? No doubt, this new concept of online ordering and purchase of medicines has empowered patients and other people who need health care products. These internet-based drugstores saves a lot of time, effort, and in some cases, even money compared to the traditional way of physically going to a local pharmacy. Another benefit of going to such sites is that they also offer legal drugs without prescription. Unlike the traditional style of consulting a doctor, getting a prescription for the medication, and then buying it from a local drugstore --- patients can now go online and even chat with a doctor using a web camera. The consultation can be done through the Internet. After the online doctor makes his prescription, the local pharmacy would be immediately notified so that it can send the medicines you need or prepare them for pick-up. These websites that sell medicines offer services like free shipping and handling for the medications, provided that the consumer orders from them using their crdit card. This transaction is done with just a few clicks on the mouse and a few taps on the keyboard --- with no hassle, no stress in working with schedules, and no other questions. Online purchases of medicine are good in several respects. As mentioned it earlier, it saves time and effort. However, the online shopper or patient who wants to buy medicines using the Internet should also be very careful. Taking responsibility for knowing product uses, dosage, and getting prior approval from the doctor is a must for every patient who intends to get medicines from online pharmacies. Most online pharmacies also require the patient to provide personal and medical information prior to completion of the transaction. This is the safeguard against possible abuse of drugs or misinformation about the uses or effects of a drug. It is also the primary means through which the internet pharmacy assesses the need of a patient for a certain product. The ability to purchase "drugs without prescription" normally applies to over-the-counter medicines or for prescription items that only need to be refilled. That means, a customer already has an existing account with an online pharmacy.
In direct opposition of the old saying, size may actually matter. At least, they appear to matter when it comes to determining which children are more likely to need antidepressant drugs in their later years. Some recent studies have found evidence pointing to the possibility that babies that are smaller than average are more likely to develop a number of behavioral disorders, with depression being the most notable among them. Statistical data was gathered to serve as background verification, which had data that supported the theory. However, this is still not entirely accepted, and additional research into the matter needs to be conducted.The research speculated that certain conditions in the mother's womb that lead to smaller babies at birth may also be responsible for mood disorders, such as depression. The study involved an estimated 4,600 babies who were born in 1946. Researchers noted down details such as weight, the condition at birth, and the life signs. Forty years later, those babies were checked up and the results showed that those children who were born smaller than average had developed a mood disorder and used "antidepressant drugs" at least once in the past. According to the statistical data gathered, there appeared to be a relationship between birth size and mental health. In theory, a baby's size at birth is inversely proportional to the state of that child's future mental health, such that bigger children are less likely to be effective in dealing with anxiety or depression.One problem with this conclusion, however, is the fact that the research team did not really do any research on the other probable causes. There was no effort to eliminate other possibilities over the course of the data analysis, at least, according to opponents of the theory. Some critics have also pointed out that the study is incomplete, in the sense that not all of the potentially relevant information was noted by the research team. Among these are medical history (both mental and physical), possible hereditary traits, and other factors. This casts a sizable amount of doubt on just how accurate the theory is, even if it does have enough information to prompt further research into the matter. It should be noted that some of those studies are dedicated solely to eliminating some of the variables that affected the final results.There were also other things that proved notable, even if not all the pertinent data was taken. For example, there was the fact that all of those who had developed mental illness problems and used antidepressant drugs in their adult lives also developed slower than other children. In particular, milestones such as their first word and the ability to walk on two legs were notably performed a significant amount of time later than average children. It was noted that these same individuals also were of smaller than average birth height and weight, lending some credibility to the theory.Still, as stated above, the idea has not yet been proven conclusively. There is still a large number of variables that have not been taken account for and possible causes that were not eliminated, or even noted. These are glaring weaknesses in the argument to support the results of the study, especially since the details ignored by the research team could easily have had a significant impact on their findings.